“When Henry VII took the crown of England from Richard III in battle (1485), he brought about the end of the Wars of the Roses between the House of Lancaster (which used the badge of a red rose) and the House of York(which used a white-rose badge). Henry’s father was Edmund Tudor from the House of Richmond, and his mother was Margaret Beaufort from the House of Lancaster; in January 1486 he married Elizabeth of York to bring all factions together. (In battle, Richard III fought under the banner of the boar, and Henry under the banner of the dragon of his native Wales.) The white rose/red rose idea was a Tudor invention. The historian Thomas Penn writes:
The “Lancastrian” red rose was an emblem that barely existed before Henry VII. Lancastrian kings used the rose sporadically, but when they did it was often gold rather than red; Henry VI, the king who presided over the country’s descent into civil war, preferred his badge of the antelope. Contemporaries certainly did not refer to the traumatic civil conflict of the 15th century as the “Wars of the Roses”. For the best part of a quarter-century, from 1461 to 1485, there was only one royal rose, and it was white: the badge of Edward IV. The roses were actually created after the war by Henry VII.
On his marriage, Henry VII adopted the Tudor rose badge conjoining the white rose of York and the red rose of Lancaster. The Tudor rose is occasionally seen divided in quarters (heraldically as “quartered”) and vertically (in heraldic terms per pale) red and white. More often, the Tudor rose is depicted as a double rose, white on red and is always described, heraldically, as “proper”.” – Wikipedia.
I think the official tudor rose may just have two sets of petals, and certainly doesn’t have the prickles, or sepals appearing other than on the outer rim. OK yah, tudor rose has just five petals round, that’s ten in all, not six and eighteen, but I was doing this from memory, and ended up with my take on it.
First I had a trial of how to set it out and form the petals:
Didn’t like some of this, best at three o’clock.
Started laying out with the dividers:
Struck major pattern with gouges:
(Only used the ruler as a straight-edge, honest!)
Oh yes, added punching in the central button:
Blog header amended accordingly.
Rather puzzled why I could use the radius to mark out sixths on the circle perimeter, just about. Thought it would be much less accurate than that.
PS The reason for the plural ‘headers’ will become clear in a couple of weeks when I start forging nails.
Incidentally, I used to reckon to be pure bred Yorkshire, but it turns out the Law part of my ancestry goes back quite a damn long way – in Lancashire!